GS171  Calculus and Analytical Geometry  3+0 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective: Teach the concepts of calculus and analytic geometry and the applications of these concepts to the solution of engineering problems.  
Course Outline: Introduction to functions, introduction to limit, derivatives and their applications, integral calculus with applications, vector algebra, vector calculus, introduction to analytical geometry, straight line in R3, planes, cylindrical and spherical coordinates, surfaces, cylinders and cones, spheres, spherical trigonometry.  
Recommended Books:

EE111  Circuit Analysis  3+1 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective: Teach the methods used in the analysis of electrical circuits.  
Course Outline: Physical foundation of electric circuits; electric current; electromotive force; resistance; conventional current; Ohm’s law; work, energy, and power; conductance; efficiency; real and ideal sources; resistive networks; Kirchoff’s voltage and current laws; voltage divider rule; current divider rule; series and parallelconnected sources; voltage and current source conversions; mesh analysis; nodal analysis; network theorems (Superposition, Thevenin’s, Norton’s, and Maximum Power Transfer) with independent and dependent sources; capacitance and capacitors; inductance and inductors; electromagnetic induction; alternating current fundamentals; phasor representation of alternating current; AC voltage and current relationships for pure resistance; inductive and capacitive circuits; wyedelta transformations.  
Lab Outline: Study of DC series circuits, parallel circuits, Kirchhoff’s current and voltage laws, current divider theorem, voltage divider theorem, network theorems, simple RLC circuits, transformer operation, and simulation of basic electrical circuits using PSPICE.  
Recommended Books:

CS141  Introduction to Computing  2+1 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective: To introduce the computer components and programming principle  
Course Outline: History, classification, basic components, CPU, memory, peripheral devices, storage media and devices, physical and logical storage, data organization, file storage, programs and software,
system software, application software, operating systems, programming languages, compilation and interpretation, problem specification, algorithms, flow chart, pseudo code, basic programming techniques, data types and declaration, header file and linkage, variables and constants, arrays, input/output, termination, remark, control structures, branching, conditional structures, repetition and loops, basic library functions 

Lab Outline: Basic machines organization including motherboard, memory, I/O cards, Networking devices, Use of flow charts, Introduction to office tools , Introduction to various operating systems, Coding, executing and debugging simple programs, Implementation of simple control structures, Implementation of simple functions, Implementation of different function styles, input/output, loops, conditional Branching, mouse control, graphics.  
Recommended Books:

HS163  Functional English  2+0 
Prerequisite: Functional English  
Objective: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking  
Course Outline:
Basics of grammar. Parts of speech and used of articles. Sentences structure, active voice and passive voice. Practice in unified sentence. Analysis of phrase, clause and sentence structure. Transitive and in transitive verbs. Punctuation and spelling. Comprehension: answers to questions on a given text. Discussion: general topics and every day conversation (topics of discussion to be at the discretion of the teacher keeping in view the level of students). Listening: to be improved by showing documentaries/films carefully selected by subject teacher. Translation skill: Urdu to English. Paragraph writing: topics to be chosen at the discretion of the teacher. Presentation skills. 

Recommended Books:
Writing
Reading/Comprehension

HS161  Islamic Studies/Ethics  2+0 
Prerequisite: None  
Course Outline: Introduction to Holy Quran, Quran as first source of Islamic law, Urdu Translation of Sura Furqan (6377), Introduction of Hadith and Sunnah. Hadith and Sunnah Second source of Islamic Law, Ten Hadiths of Holy Prophet. Command Interdiction, Islam and Health. True earning and bribery. The after effects of Ibadat on our human life. The rights of parents and neighbors. The Etiquette concerning eating and walking. Decency in talking. The manner concerning our social life. Islam and Environment. The relation of teacher and student. Nobility of character. Duties and rights of a citizen. The cure of patient and his/her consolation. Islam, the best religion. Islam and human rights.  
Recommended Books:

ME151  Basic Mechanical Engineering  3+0 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective:
The course is intended to give a through understanding of basic mechanical engineering concepts 

Course Outline:
Fundamental concepts and principles of mechanics, fundamental units, moments and couples, law of equilibrium, free body diagrams: structures, frames and machines. Fundamentals of dynamics: applications of newton’s 2^{nd} law of motions, analysis of motion and two dimensional and three dimensional spaces, methods of energy and momentum, applications of dynamics to the engineering concepts, pulleys, chains, design of flywheel, bearings, mechanical power transmission, heat transfer. 

Recommended Books:

GS172  Linear Algebra  3+0 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective:
Introduce the matrix theory and the use of matrices in the solution of engineering problems. 

Course Outline:
Vectors, Vector Spaces, Matrices & Determinants, Cofactor and Inverse, Rank, Linear Independence, Solution of system of Linear systems, Positive Definite matrix, Linear Transformations, Operations on matrices, Inner products, orthgonality and least squares, Eigenvalue & Eigenvectors. Applications to Systems of Equations and to Geometry, Singular Value Decomposition. 

Recommended Books:

EE113  Network Analysis  3+1 
Prerequisite: Circuit AnalysisI  
Objective: Teach the methods used in the analysis of electrical circuits.  
Course Outline: Integrodifferential equations of circuits; transient analysis; sourcefree series and parallel LC circuits; complete response of RLC circuit; resonance; lossless LC circuit; complex forcing functions; phase relationships for R, L and C; impedance and admittance; sinusoidal steadystate response; quality factor; power factor and power factor improvement; complex frequency; threephase balanced and unbalanced circuits; threephase sourceload connections; power relationships; magneticallycoupled circuits (mutual inductance, energy considerations, ideal transformers); variable frequency network performance; variable frequency response analysis; sinusoidal frequency analysis; resonant circuits and filter circuits; general twoport networks; impedance and admittance parameters; transmission parameters; hybrid parameters; and interconnection of two port networks.  
Lab Outline: Basic RL and RC circuits, RLC circuit, sinusoidal steadystate analysis, AC power circuit analysis, polyphase circuits, frequencydomain analysis and Bode plots, network analysis in the sdomain, mutual inductance and transformers, twoport networks, circuit analysis techniques using software packages such as PSPICE, Electronic Workbench, MultiSim, and Lab View .  
Recommended Books:
· Muhammad H. Rashid, “Introduction to PSpice Using OrCAD for Circuits and Electronics,” Third Edition, 2004, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131019880.. 
CS142  Computer Programming  2+1 
Prerequisite: Introduction to Computing  
Objective: To acquaint the students with the fundamental concepts of
structured and object oriented computer programming language such as C++ OR Java. 

Course Outline: Fundamental data types, abstract data types, arrays and matrices, records and
pointers, linked lists, Introduction to Object oriented programming and software development, defining classes, selection statements, repetition statements, exceptions and assertions, arrays and collections, file I/O, inheritance and polymorphism, GUI and Eventdriven programming. 

Lab Outline: Programming in C++ OR Java using simple programs for basic file I/O, single dimensional arrays, twodimensional arrays, sorting algorithm, problem solving in
objectoriented paradigm, object oriented programme design process and tools, implementation of classes and derived classes, objects and encapsulation, operator and functions overloading, inheritance and polymorphism, GUI development. 

Recommended Books:
§ Robert Lafore, “ObjectOriented Programming in C++”, Prentice Hall, 0672323087, (Latest Edition). § C. Thomas Wu, “An Introduction to ObjectOriented Programming with Java”, McGraw Hill 
EE112  Engineering Drawing  0+1 
Prerequisite: Non  
Objective: To equip the students with the basic knowledge and skills of engineering drawing
and its application in practical scenarios. The students will also be introduced to some popular commercial CAD packages. 

Course Outline:
Types of lines and usage, dimensioning, lettering, orthographic 1st angle projection, sheet planning, orthographic 3rd angle projection, introduction of computer aided drawing, isometric projection, sectional drawing and assembly drawing. The course consists of scale drawing only. Drawing sheets will be prepared on drawing board and using computer software. Electrical circuit drawing, Electrical and Electronics CAD’s, Industrial wiring/drawing. Introduction to computeraided design tools such as AutoCAD, OrCAD and PCAD; computeraided drafting principles and practices; engineering drawing fundamentals using AutoCAD; drawing of electrical machinery and layouts of electronic assemblies; design and layout of circuit boards using software (PCAD or OrCAD). 

Recommended Books:
· Shawna Lockhart, “Tutorial Guide to AutoCAD”, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 9780131713833, Latest Edition. · Muhammad H. Rashid, “Introduction to PSpice Using OrCAD for Circuits and Electronics”, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131019880, Latest Edition. · First Year Engineering Drawing, A.C Parkinson, Latest Edition. · Illustrated AutoCAD, Release 10, T.W. Berghauser and P. L. Sclive, BPB, Latest Edition. · George Amura, Mastering Autocad 2000 Publishers, Latest Edition. 
HS162  Pakistan Studies  2+0 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective: The course framework is issueoriented. It has many dimensions, the historical and ideological background of Pakistan the process of governance and national development as well as the issues arising in the modern, age and posing challenges to Pakistan. The course has been designed with a vision that Pakistan Studies should open a window to future.  
Course Outline:
1. Historical Perspective a. Ideological rationale with special reference to Sir Syed Ahmed Khan, Allama Muhammad Iqbal and QuaidiAzam Muhammad Ali Jinnah. b. Factors leading to Muslim separatism c. People and Land i. Indus Civilization ii. Muslim advent iii. Location and GeoPhysical features. 2. Government and Politics in Pakistan Political and constitutional phases: a. 194758 b. 195871 c. 197177 d. 197788 e. 198899 f. 1999 onward. 3. Contemporary Pakistan a. Economic institutions and issues b. Society and social structure c. Ethnicity d. Foreign policy of Pakistan and challenges e. Futuristic outlook of Pakistan 

Recommended Books:

HS164  Communication Skills  2+0 
Prerequisite: Functional English  
Objective: To enhance language skills and develop critical thinking  
Course Outline:
Paragraph writing Practice in writing a good, unified and coherent paragraph Essay writing: Introduction CV and job application Translation skills: Urdu to English Study skills: Skimming and scanning, intensive and extensive, and speed reading, summary and précis writing and comprehension. Academic skills: Letter / memo writing and minutes of the meeting, use of library and internet recourses. Presentation skills: Personality development (emphasis on content, style and pronunciation). Note: documentaries to be shown for discussion and review 

Recommended Books:
Grammar
Writing
Reading/Comprehension

GS271  Differential Equations  3+0 
Prerequisite: Calculus and Analytical Geometry  
Objective: Develop fundamental skills of solving ordinary differential equations, and
developing differential equations for realworld problems 

Course Outline:
Ordinary Differential Equations of the First Order: Geometrical Considerations, Isoclines, Separable Equations, Equations Reducible to Separable Form, Exact Differential Equations, Integrating Factors, Linear FirstOrder Differential Equations, Variation of Parameters. Ordinary Linear Differential Equations; Homogeneous Linear Equations of the Second Order, Homogeneous SecondOrder Equations with Constant Coefficients, General Solution, Real Roots, Complex Roots, Double Root of the Characteristic Equation, Differential Operators, Cauchy Equation, Homogeneous Linear Equations of Arbitrary Order, Homogeneous Linear Equations of Arbitrary Order with Constant Coefficients, Nonhomogeneous Linear Equations. Modeling of Electrical Circuits. Systems of Differential Equations. Series Solutions of Differential Equations. Partial Differential Equations: Method of Separation of variables, wave, Heat & Laplace equations and their solutions by Fourier series method 

Recommended Books:
· Michael Greenberg, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 1996, Prentice Hall publishers. · Erwin Kreyzig, “Advanced Engineering Mathematics”, 7th edition, 1993, John Wiley & Sons Inc. · Zill, Prindle, Weber and Schmidt, “A First Course in Differential Equations”, 1996, Brooks/Cole Publishing, · Dennis G. Zill, Michael R. Cullen. “Differential Equations with BoundaryValue Problems”, 1996, Brooks/Cole Publishing, · C. H .Edwards, David E. Penney, “Elementary Differential Equations with Applications”, 1993, Prentice Hall. 
HS261  Technical Report Writing  3+0 
Prerequisite: Functional English  
Objective: Enhance language skills and develop critical thinking  
Course Outline:
Presentation skills. Essay writing:Descriptive, narrative, discursive, argumentative. Academic writing: How to write a proposal for research paper/term paper. How to write a research paper/term paper (emphasis on style, content, language, form, clarity, consistency). Technical Report writing. Progress report writing. 

Recommended Books:
· Writing. Advanced by Ron White. Oxford Supplementary Skills. Third Impression 1992. ISBN 0 19 435407 3. · College Writing Skills by John Langan. McGrawHill Higher Education. 2004. · Patterns of College Writing (4^{th} Edition) by Laurie G. Kirszner and Stephen R. Mandell. St. Martin’s Press. · The Mercury Reader. A Custom Publication. Compiled by norther Illinois University. General Editiors: Janice Neulib; Kathleen Shine Cain; Stephen Ruffus and Maurice Scharton. (A reader which will give students exposure to the best of twentieth century literature, without taxing the taste of engineering students). 
EE211  Electronic Devices and Circuits  3+1 
Prerequisite: Circuit Analysis, H.S.S.C Physics  
Objective: To provide the foundation of electronic devices & circuits  
Course Outline: Introduction to Electronics, Semiconductor Diodes, Forward & Reverse Characteristics of Diode, Special Purpose Diodes, Equivalent Circuit of a Diode, Diode as a Switch, Diode Applications,
Half Wave & Full wave rectifiers, Clipper & Clamper circuits, Bipolar Junction Transistor, Transistor Operation, Types of Transistor, Unbiased Transistor, Transistor Biasing Configurations, Common Emitter, Common Base, Common Collector, DC & AC analysis of BJT, Field Effect Transistors, FET Biasing Techniques, Common drain, common source, common gate, fixed Bias and Self Bias Configuration, Voltage Divider Biasing, Universal JFET Bias Curve. DC & AC analysis of FET. 

Lab Outline: The emphasis is first on understanding the characteristics of basic circuits including resistors, capacitors, diodes, and bipolar and field effect transistors. The students then use this understanding to construct more complex circuits such as rectifier circuits and power supplies.  
Recommended Books:

EE213  DC Machines  3+1 
Prerequisite: Circuit AnalysisII  
Objective: Teach the Basic operation and working of various DC Machines. .  
Course Outlines:
Electromechanical Energy Conversion: Forces and torques in magnetic field systems. Energy balance, Singly excited system, Coenergy, Multiply excited system. Dynamic equations.
D.C. Machines Fundamentals: Simple linear machine. A loop rotating between pole faces. Communication. Armature construction. Armature reaction. Induced voltage and torque equation. Construction. Power flow and losses D.C. Generators: Equivalent circuit Magnetization curve. Separately existed; shunt, series and compounded generators. Parallel operation. D.C. Motors: Equivalent circuit. Separately excited; Shunt, permanent magnet, series and compounded motors. Speed control of DC motors: Starters, speed control methods for series, hunt and compound motors, series parallel control for traction motor, multivoltage control, plugging, Dynamic braking, testing efficiency and temperature rise, determination of losses, divert and indirect test, estimation of temperature rise of armature, commutator and field winding, Efficiency. Electromechanics and Machines: Transducers Unified Machine Theory, 

Lab Outline: Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work.  
Recommended Books:

EE212  Digital Logic Design  3+1 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective: Introduce the concepts and tools for the design of digital electronic circuits.  
Course Outline: Basic concepts and tools to design digital hardware consisting of both combinational and sequential logic circuits, number systems, Boolean algebra, logic gates, combinational logic design, sequential circuits and logic design, memory and simple programmable logic devices (SPLDs), introduction to field programmable logic devices (FPLDs)/field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), introduction to Verilog HDL (VHDL), gatelevel and dataflow modeling, use of simulation software such as Veriwell Verilog Simulator.  
Lab Outline: Basic logic gates, Verilog simulation and hardware implementation of combinational circuits such as MUX/DEMUX, encoder/decoder, arithmetic logic unit (ALU), Verilog simulation and hardware implementation of sequential circuits such as flipflops, registers, shift registers, counters, implementation of logic circuits using SPLDs; project solving a reallife problem.  
Recommended Books:

GS272  Complex Variables and Transforms  3+0 
Prerequisite: Linear Algebra, Differential Equations  
Objective: Introduce the concepts of complex variables, Laplace transform, and Fourier transform, and the use of transforms in the solution of engineering problems.  
Course Outline: Introduction to complex number systems, Argand’s diagram, modulus and argument of a complex number, polar form of a complex number, De Moivre’s theorem and its applications, complex functions, analytical functions, harmonic and conjugate, harmonic functions, CauchyRiemann equations, line integrals, Green’s theorem, Cauchy’s theorem, Cauchy’s integral formula, singularities, poles, residues, contour integration and applications; Laplace transform definition, Laplace transforms of elementary functions, properties of Laplace transform, periodic functions and their Laplace transforms, inverse Laplace transform and its properties, convolution theorem, inverse Laplace transform by integral and partial fraction methods, Heaviside expansion formula, solutions of ordinary differential equations by Laplace transform, applications of Laplace transforms; series solution of differential equations, validity of series solution, ordinary point, singular point, Forbenius method, indicial equation, Bessel’s differential equation, its solution of first kind and recurrence formulae, Legendre differential equation and its solution, Rodrigues formula; Fourier transform definition, Fourier transforms of simple functions, magnitude and phase spectra, Fourier transform theorems, inverse Fourier transform, solutions of differential equations using Fourier transform.  
Recommended Books:

EE216  Instrumentation and Measurement  3+1 
Prerequisite: Circuit Analysis – II  
Objective: Acquaint the students with the concepts, methods and instruments for measuring electrical and nonelectrical quantities.  
Course Outline:
Precision measurements terminologies including resolution, sensitivity, accuracy, and uncertainty; engineering units and standards; principles of different measurement techniques; instruments for measurement of electrical properties, pressure, temperature, position, velocity, flow rates (mass and volume) and concentration; systems for signal processing and signal transmission; modern. instrumentation techniques; static and dynamic responses of instrumentation and signal conditioning; basic data manipulation skills using personal computers and graphs; data acquisition systems; principles of operation, construction and working of different analog and digital meters, oscilloscope, recording instruments, signal generators, transducers, and other electrical and nonelectrical instruments; types of bridges for measurement of resistance, inductance, and capacitance; power and energy meters; highvoltage measurements. 

Lab Outline:
Design, construction, and analysis of measurement circuits, data acquisition circuits, instrumentation devices, and automatic testing; measurement of electrical parameters using different lab instruments; calibration of measurement instruments; use of data acquisition systems for presentation and interpretation of data; use of microcomputers to acquire and process data; use of simulation and instrumentation languages (LabView). 

Recommended Books:

EE217  AC Machines  3+1 
Prerequisite: Electrical Machine Fundamentals  
Course Outline:
Transformers: Transformer Fundamentals, Importance of transformers. Types and construction. Ideal transformer. Theory and operation of real Singlephase transformers phasor diagrams. Leakage reactance. Losses. Equivalent circuit parameters. No load and short circuit test per Unit systems. Voltage regulation and efficiency. Autotransformers. Tapping. Parallel operation and load division. Inrush current. Exciting current. Three phase transformer. Per unit system. Three phase connections and harmonic Suppression. Vector groups. Three phase transformation using two transformers Three Phase Induction Motor: Production of rotating field and torque. Reversal of rotation. Construction. Synchronous speed. Slip and its effect on rotor frequency and voltage. Equivalent circuit. Power and torque. Losses, efficiency and power factor. Torquespeed characteristics. Starting and speed control. Induction generator SinglePhase Induction Motors: Types and performance Analysis. Heating and cooling of motors Synchronous Generator: Construction. Excitation system. Equivalent circuit. Phasor diagram. Power and torque. Measurement of parameters. Generator operating alone. Capability chart. Synchronization Parallel operation with infinite bus and power sharing. Parallel operation of same size generators generating, Loss of field excitation. Cooling systems. Shut down procedure. Synchronous Motors: Principle of operation starting, Shaft load, power angle and developed torque. Counter voltage (CEMF) and armature reaction voltage, equivalent circuit and phasor diagram. Power Equation. Effects of changes in shaft load and field excitation. Vcurves. Losses and efficiency. Power factor improvement. Speed control. Ratings. Design aspects of transformers, Indication motors and synchronous motors 

Lab Outline: Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work.  
Recommended Books:

EE215  Electromagnetic Field Theory  3+0 
Prerequisite: Calculus and Analytical Geometry  
Objective: Introduce the concepts and mathematical methods to understand and analyze electromagnetic fields and waves.  
Course Outline: Vector analysis, Coulombs law and electric field intensity, Gauss’s law, flux density and divergence, energy and potential, conductor dielectric and capacitance, Poisson’s and Laplace’s equations, steadystate magnetic field, magnetic forces, materials and inductance, timevarying fields and Maxwell’s equations, uniform plane waves.  
Lab Outline: Simulations using Matlab  
Recommended Books:

ME251  Applied Thermodynamics  3+1 
Prerequisite: Basic Mechanical Engineering  
Objective: To give basic understanding of the subject to the undergraduate students of
Electrical Discipline, and to satisfy requirements for an Engineering Degree. 

Course Outline: Basic concepts and definitions, Processes & Cycles, concept of Thermodynamic
Property and definition of State; First Law of Thermodynamics, Work & Heat as energies in transition, Interchangeability of Energy States, Working Fluids and Steady / Unsteady Flow Energy Equations, Perfect and Real Gases; Second Law of Thermodynamics, Reversible and Irreversible Processes, Entropy & Carnot Efficiency, concept of Available Energy. 

Recommended Books:
McConkey, Longman, Latest Edition. 
GS371  Numerical Methods  3+0 
Course Objective(s):
To introduce commonly used numerical techniques in computer engineering. 

Course Description:
Floating Point number system. Error analysis. Solutions of equations. Interpolation. Splines. Numerical differentiation and integration. Numerical methods in linear algebra, system of linear equations, method of least squares, eigen values, eigenvectors. Solution of ordinary and partial differential equations. This subject is to be supplemented with extensive computer exercises.


Recommended Text(s):
· Erwin Kreyszig, WIE Advanced Engineering Mathematics, Ninth Edition, International Edition, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN10: 0471728977, Latest Edition. · Curtis F.Gerald Patrick O. Wheatley: Applied Numerical Analysis, AddisonWesley, Latest Edition. · Donald Greenspan & Vincenzo Casulli: Numerical Analysis For Applied Mathematics, Science, and Engineering, AddisonWesley, Latest Edition. · David Kahaner: Numerical Methods and Software, Prentice Hall, Latest Edition.

EE311  Signals and Systems  3+1 
Prerequisite: Complex Variables and Transforms  
Objective: This is a basic course that is intended to provide the fundamentals of signals, systems and transforms to the electrical engineering students. The course is aimed to build a comprehensive foundation for later higher level courses in communication systems, control systems and digital signal processing. Both discretetime and continuoustime signals, systems and transforms are covered in this course.  
Course Outline Continuous time and discrete time signals, periodic signals, even and odd signals, exponential and sinusoidal signals, the unit impulse and unit step functions, continues time and discrete time systems, linear time invariant (LTI) systems, difference equation, causality, BIBO stability, convolution and correlation, discrete time Fourier transforms, DFT and FFT algorithms, time and frequency characterization of signals and systems, the sampling theorem, aliasing, sampling the discrete time signals, ztransform, analysis and characterization of LTI systems using ztransform, case studies: communication systems and linear feedback systems.  
Lab Outline: Study of various types of signals; analysis of signals; filter design; analoguetodigital converters; signal sampling using different parameters; MATLABbased simulation tool box for signal processing; simulation and development of basic signal processing algorithms; study of general signal processing concepts such as sampling, aliasing, quantization, and internal arithmetic operations; signal generation; spectrum estimation and fast transforms; sampling rate conversion and multirate processing. Implementation of digital circuits/systems on DSP kits.  
Recommended Books:
• Simon Haykin, “Signals and Systems,” Second Edition, 2003, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471378518. • John G. Proakis and Dimitris K. Manolakis, “Digital Signal Processing,” Fourth Edition, 2006, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131873741. • Sen M. Kuo and WoonSeng S. Gan, “Digital Signal Processors: Architecture, Implementation and Applications,” First Edition, 2005, Prentice Hall, ISBN:0130352144. • Gordon. E. Carlson, “Signals and Linear System Analysis,” Second Edition, 1998, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471124656. 
EE312  Linear Control Systems  3+1 
Prerequisite: Signals and Systems  
Objective: This course is aimed to build a comprehensive foundation in the
analysis and design of control systems using classical and modern techniques. 

Course Outline: Modeling of electrical, mechanical and biological control systems, Open and closedloop systems, Block diagrams. Second order systems. Step and impulse
Response. Performance criteria. Steady state error. Sensitivity, splane system Stability. Analysis and design with the root loci method. Frequency domain analysis, Bode plots, Nyquist criterion, gain and phase margins, Nichols charts. The Statespace method, state equations, flow graphs, stability, compensation techniques. Simulation and Controller design using MATLAB 

Lab Outline: Familiarization with MATLAB Control System tool box and MATLABSIMULINK tool box; simulation of step response and impulse response with unity feedback using MATLAB; determination of root locus, Bode plot, and Nyquist plot using MATLAB; determination of PI, PD and PID controller action of firstorder simulated process.  
Recommended Books:
· Katsushiko, Ogata, “Modern Control Engineering,” McGrawHill, `5^{th} Edition · R. C. Dorf and R. H. Bishop, “Modern Control Systems,” 12^{th} Edition · B. C. Kuo, “Automatic Control Systems” 7^{th} Edition 
EE314  Electrical Power Generation  3+0 
Prerequisite: Applied Thermodynamics  
Objective: The students learn different power plant and modes of energy conversion to generate electrical energy in this course and the concepts of fuel cells are introduced.  
Course Outline:
Thermal Power Plants: Sources of conventional energy and method of harnessing, special features and cycles used in steam, gas and diesel power plants, combine cycle systems and cogeneration. Location of the above plants and selection of units, prime movers and associated equipment Hydroelectric Power Plants: The plants and their equipment, layouts, run of the river and accumulation type station, types of hydroelectric turbines and their stations Nuclear Power Plants: Nuclear reaction, fission and fusion reaction, critical mass chain reaction, moderators, reactor control and cooling, classification of reactors, different types of reactors, radiation damages, shielding of grays neutrons, materials for construction Thermoelectric Generators: Thermoelectric effect, solid state description of thermoelectric effect, analysis and design of thermoelectric generators, figure of merit, device configuration, solar and radioisotope powered generators, applications MHD Generators: Gaseous conductors, analysis and design of MHD generator, problems associated with MHD generation, possible configuration. Photovoltaic Generators: Radiation principles, optical effects in semiconductors and PN junction, analysis and design of converter, fabrication of cells, solar cells in Space Fuel Cells: Thermodynamic principles, efficiency of fuel cell factors limiting the performance, design, new development in fuel cells, possibility of future use in electric vehicles Wind power generation. 

Lab Outline: Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work.  
Recommended Books:
• Power Plant Technology by M.M. Wakel, McGraw Hill, Latest Edition 
ES323  Communication Systems  2+1 
Prerequisite: Complex Variables and Transforms, EMT  
Objective:
Develop a fundamental understanding of communication systems with emphasis on signal modulation techniques. Teach both analog techniques (amplitude modulation, frequency modulation) and digital techniques (pulse code modulation, phase shift keying, frequency shift keying). 

Course Outline:
Basic definitions; modulation and demodulation techniques: amplitude, angle, pulse modulation, digital modulation techniques; information theory; error detection and correction; multiplexing techniques; noise and its effects on signal transmission; BER performance of various modulation techniques under noisy environment. 

Lab Outline:
Study of different modulation techniques including amplitude modulation, frequency and pulse modulation, study of demodulation techniques, experimental modules for FDM, TDM and PCM; MATLAB/SIMULINK modeling and simulation of a simple transceiver, a mini project is recommended.


Recommended Books:
• B. P. Lathi, “Modern Digital and Analog Communication Systems,” Third Edition, 1998, Oxford University Press, ISBN: 0195110099. • Leon W. Couch, “Digital and Analog Communication Systems,” Seventh Edition, 2007, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131424920. • John G. Proakis and Masoud Salehi, “Communication Systems Engineering,” Second Edition, 2002, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0130617938. 
CS341  Microprocessors Based Systems  3+1 
Prerequisite: Digital Logic Design  
Objective: Teach the architecture, programming, interfacing, and applications of microprocessors and microcontrollers.  
Course Outline: Introduction to Intel family microprocessors, instruction set architecture (ISA), assembly language programming, hardware model, read/write cycles, exception/interrupt processing, memory systems, I/O devices, DMA, interfacing to memory and I/O devices, analogtodigital and digitaltoanalog converters, introduction to PIC/Atmel 8051 microcontrollers.  
Lab Outline:Study of 80386 Intel microprocessor ISA using its training boards, implementation of interfacing techniques (using gates, decoders, and SPLDs) to memory system and different I/O devices, learning and implementation of interruptdriven I/O, learning and implementation of simple microcontroller based circuits, and a mini project.  
Recommended Books:
· Barry B. Brey, “The Intel Microprocessors: 8086/8088, 80186/80188, 80286, 80386, 80486, Pentium, Pentium Pro Processor, Pentium II, Pentium III, Pentium 4,” Seventh Edition, 2006, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131195069. · Douglas V. Hall, “Microprocessor and Interfacing”, Revised Second Edition, 2005, Tata McGrawHill, ISBN: 0070601674. · HanWay Huang, “PIC Microcontroller: An Introduction to Software & Hardware Interfacing,” First Edition, 2004, Thomson Delmar Learning, ISBN: 1401839673. · Muhammad Ali Mazidi, Janice Mazidi and Rolin McKinlay, “8051 Microcontroller and Embedded Systems,” Second Edition, 2005, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 013119402X. 
MS382  Power Economics and Management  3+0 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective:
This course discusses basics of economics, load management, tariffs and reliability of power systems 

Course Outline:
Introduction: Basic concept and principles of economics, microeconomic theory, the problems of scarcity. Concept of engineering economy Economic Environment: Consumer and producer goods, goods and services, demand & supply concept. Equilibrium, elasticity of demand, elasticity of supply, measures of economic worth. Pricesupplydemand relationship. Theory of production, factors of production, laws of returns, breakeven charts and relationships. Perfect competition, monopoly, monopolistic competition and oligopoly. Fundamentals of marketing Elementary Financial Analysis: Basic accounting equation. Development and interpretation of financial statementincome statement, balance sheet and cash flow. Working capital management Break Even Analysis: Revenue/cost terminologies, behavior of costs, determination of costs/revenues, numerical and graphical presentations. Practical applications. BEA as a management tool for achieving financial/operation efficiency Selection between Alternatives: Time value of money and financial internal rate of return, present value, future value and annuities. Costbenefit analysis: selection amongst materials, techniques, design etc. Investment philosophy, investment, alternatives having identical lives, alternatives having different lives, make or buy decisions and replacement decisions Value Analysis/Value Engineering: Value analysis procedures, value engineering procedures, value analysis versus value engineering, advantages and applications in different areas, value analysis in designing and purchasing. Linear Programming: Mathematical statement of linear programming problems, graphic solution simplex procedure, duality problem Depreciation and Taxes: Depreciation concept, economic life, methods of depreciations, profit and returns on capital, productivity of capital gain (loss) on the disposal of an asset, depreciation as a tax shield Business Organization: Type of ownership, single ownership, partnerships, corporation, type of stocks and joint stock companies banking and specialized credit institutions Capital Financing & Allocation: Capital budgeting, allocation of capital among independent projects, financing with debt capital, financing with equity capital trading on equity, financial leveraging 

Recommended Books:

EE315  Electrical Power Transmission  3+1 
Prerequisite: AC Machines  
Objective:
The course presents basics of electrical power transmission along with electrical and mechanical design impacts on power transmission in detail and HVDC transmission is introduced 

Course Outline:
Oneline diagram, choice of voltage and choice of AC/DC systems, economic comparison of various transmission systems, standard voltages in Pakistan and abroad for transmission and subtransmission. Introduction to HV, EHV and UHV system Conductor types; resistance, skin effect, line inductance based and flux considerations. Inductance of single phase and three phase lines, inductance of composite conductor line, inductance of bundled conductors, capacitance of single phase and threephase lines, effect of earth on capacitance, capacitance of bundled conductors, parallel circuit lines, Ferranti effect Short, medium and long transmission lines, solution of equations. Traveling waves, surge impedance loading, equivalent circuit, and power flow through the line, voltage regulation and line surges. Line supports, sag and tension calculation, total length of conductor supports at different levels, mechanical degree of safety, effect of wind pressure and ice loading, conductor vibration and use of dampers Insulator material, types of insulators, voltage distribution over insulator string, string efficiency, methods of improving the string efficiency, testing of insulators, corona effect, corona loss, radio interference due to corona Underground cables: types, calculation of inductance and capacitance, insulation resistance, insulation breakdown of cables, thermal characteristics of cables, calculation of current rating of the cables, fault locating techniques, cable jointing techniques Introduction and classification of HVDC transmission 

Lab Outline:
Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work. 

Recommended Books:
• Power System Analysis by Grainger and Stevenson, Latest Edition 
ES313  Digital Signal Processing  3+1 
Prerequisite: Signal and Systems  
Objective: To introduce basic digital signal processing and design of digital filters.  
Course Outline: Introduction, Discretetime signal and its representations, Discrete signals and systems, Timedomain analysis of discretetime signals, Frequencydomain analysis, Discrete time Fourier series, Discretetime Fourier transform, System response and frequency response, Z transform and its properties, Solution of difference equations using ZTransform, DFT and FFT algorithms, Implementation of DiscreteTime systems, Digital filter design, FIR and IIR filters.  
Lab Outline: Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work.  
Recommended Books:

ES321  Power Electronics  3+1 
Prerequisite: Electronic Devices and Circuits  
Objective: Teach the semiconductor devices and circuits for the conversion of electrical power of a given form into a desired form. Introduce the applications of power electronics including rectifiers, inverters, UPS, and motor drives.  
Course Outline:
Introduction to power electronics; solidstate devices used in power electronics: power diode, power BJT, power MOSFET, SCR, GTO, IGBT, TRIAC, DIAC; SITH, MCT, IGCT, MTO,ETO, semicontrolled, fullycontrolled and uncontrolled rectifiers: singlephase and threephase, sixpulse, twelve pulse and twentyfour pulse rectifiers; Cycloconverters, singlephase and threephase inverters; pulsewidth modulated (PWM) inverters; UPS; switched mode power supplies, AC and DC motor drives. 

Lab Outline: Design of converters; singlephase and threephase uncontrolled, halfcontrolled and fullycontrolled rectifiers; buck, boost and polarity inverting converters; flyback converter.  
Recommended Books:
• Cyril W. Lander, “Power Electronics,” Third Edition, 1993, McGrawHill UK, ISBN: 0077077148. • Muhammad H. Rashid, “Power Electronics: Circuits, Devices and Applications,” Third Edition, 2004, Prentice Hall, ISBN: 0131011405. • Ned Mohan, William P. Robbins and Tore M. Undeland, “Power Electronics:Converters, Applications and Design,” Media Enhanced, Third Edition, 2003, John Wiley & Sons, ISBN: 0471429082. 
EE411  Power Distribution and Utilization  3+1 
Prerequisite: Power Transmission  
Objective:
Students are introduced to the basics of power distribution systems and effective utilization of power in heating and illumination applications 

Course Outline:
Introduction to distribution system. Urban, suburban and rural distribution systems. Primary, secondary and tertiary voltages. Radial and ring main systems, application of distribution transformers, estimation of load, load characteristics, substation switchgears and bus bar arrangements, calculation of voltage drop and regulation in distribution feeders Grounding and earthing, distribution transformer neutral, earthing resistance, earthing practice in L.V. networks Power Factor: Disadvantages and causes of low power factor, methods for improvement, application of shunt capacitors in distribution network Batteries & Electrochemical Processes: Main types of batteries and their working, battery charging, electroplating, electrolysis and electrometallurgical process. Cathodic protection of poles, gas pipes, oil pipes and water structures Heating and Welding: Electric heating, resistance, induction and dielectric heating, electric furnaces, microwave heating, electric welding, resistance welding and its types Fundamentals of Illumination Engineering: Laws, units and terms used, requirements for good lighting, illumination schemes for various situations (street lighting, commercial/industrial lighting, stadium/flood/stage/spot lighting etc.), types of lamps, their working and relative merit. 

Lab Outline:
Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work. 

Recommended Books:

EE417  Advanced Electrical Machine Design  3+1 
Prerequisite: AC & DC Machines  
Objective:
Discussion of design and loading of Power Transformers and Induction motors is introduced and electrical equipment installation; commissioning, testing and troubleshooting practices are discussed. 

Course Outline:
PartA Machine Design: Industrial standardization, national and international standards, codes and testing laboratories, manufacturing and operating systems, design considerations for electrical machines, properties and applications of materials for magnetic machine insulation system and its design considerations, thermal time constant, cooling systems of transformers and rotating machines, duty cycles, ratings and temperaturerise, mechanical design considerations, specific loading and output equations of power transformer and induction motor, design of transformer or induction motor, introduction to computer aided design (CAD) and computer aided manufacturing (CAM) PartB Installation, Maintenance and Troubleshooting of Machines: Safety precautions, troubleshooting and emergency repairs. Installation, commissioning, testing, maintenance, and troubleshooting of (i) power transformers and (ii) induction motors. (iii) AC generators PartC Equipments Training (Practical): Measurement of magnetic flux, inductance and reluctance of a part of electrical machines, study of transformer and rotatingmachine parts. Understanding operating principles, ratings and application of the following equipment: power supplies, magnetic contactors, thermal overloads, miniature circuit breakers, metallicclad circuit breakers, earth leakage circuit breaker, clipon meters, cable fault locators, Megger earth tester, relay testers, motor controllers, tachometers, phase tester (L.V. and H.V.). The students will have to submit a hand written report consisting of class work, design and laboratory work for evaluation and vivavoce examination. Theory paper will be from PartA only. 

Lab Outline: Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work.  
Recommended Books:
• Alternating Current Machines by M.G. Say, Latest Edition. 
EE413  Power System Analysis  3+0 
Prerequisite: Circuit AnalysisII  
Objective:
This course has been designed to introduce the importance of analyzing various aspects of power system. It covers power flow studies and fault analysis of both symmetrical and unsymmetrical faults in power networks. This forms the basis for power system operation, control and protection. 

Course Outline:
Branch and Node admittances; Mutually coupled Branches in Ybus; Equivalent Admittance Network; Modification of Ybus; Impedance matrix and Ybus; the method of successive elimination; Node Elimination (Kron Reduction); Triangular Factorization; The Impedance Model and Network Calculations: The bus, admittance and impedance Matrices; Thevenin’s Theorem and Zbus; Modification of an existing Zbus; Direct determination of Zbus; Calculation of Zbus elements from Y bus ; Power Invariant Transformations; Mutually coupled branches in Z bus. Symmetrical Faults, Transients in RL circuits; internal voltages of loaded machines. Under fault conditions; fault calculations using Z bus; Equivalent circuits; Selection of circuit breakers Synthesis of unsymmetrical phasors; symmetrical components of unsymmetrical phasors; symmetrical Y and Δ circuits; power in terms of symmetrical components; sequence networks of Y and Δ impedances; sequence networks of a symmetrical Transmission line; sequence Networks of the synchronous Machines; Sequence Networks of YΔ Transformers; unsymmetrical services impedances; sequence networks of YΔ Transformers; unsymmetrical services impedances; sequence networks; positive, negative and zero sequence networks; Unsymmetrical faults on power systems; single line to ground faults; line to line faults. Double line to ground faults; Demonstration problems; open conductor faults. Load Flow Studies, Steady state and Transient Stability, the swing equation , Application of swing curve & solution of problems using digital computers, stability of loads, effects of mechanical and electrical time lag and delays, Electromechanical behavior of machine/lines/busbar systems equal criterion in machine dynamics 

Lab Outline: Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work.  
Recommended Books:

MS481  Entrepreneurship and Leadership  2+0 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective:
Entrepreneurship is an important component in the process of Economic development. The purpose of this course is to analysis the theories of entrepreneurship and to go for case studies of successful entrepreneurs 

Course Outline:
Introduction: The concept of entrepreneurship, The economist view of entrepreneurship, The sociologist view, Behavioural approach, Entrepreneurship and Management. The Practice of Entrepreneurship: The process of entrepreneurship, Entrepreneurial Management, The entrepreneurial business, Entrepreneurship in service institutions, The new venture Entrepreneurship and Innovation: The innovation concepts, Importance of innovation for entrepreneurship, Sources of innovative opportunities, The innovation process, Risks involved in innovation Developing Entrepreneur: Entrepreneurial profile, Trait approach to understanding entrepreneurship, Factors influencing entrepreneurship, The environment, Socio cultural factors, Support systems Entrepreneurship Organization: Team work, Networking organization, Motivation and compensation, Value system Entrepreneurship and SMES: Defining SMEs, Scope of SMEs, Entrepreneurial, managers of SME, Financial and marketing problems of SMEs Entrepreneurial Marketing: Framework for developing entrepreneurial marketing, Devising entrepreneurial marketing plan, Entrepreneurial marketing strategies, Product quality and design Entrepreneurship and Economic Development: Role of entrepreneur in the economic development generation of services, Employment creation and training, Ideas, knowledge and skill development, The Japanese experience Case Studies of Successful Entrepreneurs 

Recommended Books:
· P.N. Singh: Entrepreneurship for Economic Growth

EE499A  Final Year ProjectI  0+3 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective: To give the Students a chance for enhancing their Technical capabilities by Implementing their theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of Research and Development.
Course Description: According to the field chosen.
Recommended Text(s): Related Materials. 
EE414  Power System Stability and Control  3+1 
Objective: Power System Analysis
Different aspects of power system operation, monitoring and control are covered with an emphasis on SCADA systems 

Course Outline:
Introduction to power system control and its importance, modes of power system operation, major tasks of operation SCADA system, control centers, controller tuning, communication sub system, remote terminal unit, data logging Economic dispatch, characteristics of power generation units, economic dispatch problems with and without consideration of losses, incremental fuel cost, penalty factor, economic power interchange. Voltage, power and frequency control. Evaluation of the effect of speed change on droop characteristics 

Lab Outline: Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work.  
Recommended Books:

EE415  Power System Protection  3+1 
Prerequisite: Power System Analysis  
Objective:
The course presents different types of relays, relaying schemes, circuit breakers and fuses. Topics like discrimination and coordination are also introduced 

Course Outline:
Introduction to protection system, types of faults, effect of faults, fuse as protective device, types of fuses, characteristics of fuses, selection and application of fuses, discrimination and coordination, current transformer and its operation, relay construction, basic relay terminology, electromagnetic relays, thermal relays, static relays and introduction to microprocessor based protective relays, over current protection, distance protection, impedance relay, operation of impedance relay in different zones, reactance relay, differential protection of transformers, generator protection, bus bar protection, arc voltage, arc interruption, restriking voltage and recovery voltage, resistance switching, current chopping circuit breaker, classification of circuit breakers, oil circuit breakers, airblast circuit breakers, SF_{6} circuit breakers, vacuum circuit breakers, operational mechanism and rating of circuit breakers. 

Lab Outline:
Lab work will be based upon above theoretical work. 

Recommended Books:

EE416  High Voltage Engineering  3+1 
Prerequisite: Power Transmission  
Objective: To provide students with an introduction to high voltage engineering, phenomena and technology.
To understand high voltage generation and measurement. 

Course Outline: Introduction to high voltage engineering
Withstand levels, S curves; insulation coordination; breakdown mechanisms in solids, liquids, gases and vacuum. Testing Nondestructive testing of apparatus; insulation resistance, tan A, partial discharge measurements; life testing, accelerated life testing; Weibull statistics. System over voltages Occurrence and characteristics; power frequency and harmonics, switching and lightning over voltages; transient calculations, Bewley lattice diagrams; wave tables; attenuation and distortion of surges; overvoltage protection devices; rod and expulsion gaps; surge diverters. Circuit breakers Aims, types, general principles of operation. HV testing HV production for test objects; impulse generators; series resonant a.c. test sets; d.c. test sets; measurement of high voltages; absolute measurement methods; series impedance and meter methods; impedance dividers.


Lab Outline: Having successfully completed the module, you will be able to:
Design high voltage generator. Select the right technique to measure different types of high voltages. Choose the right surge device to eliminate overvoltages of high voltage apparatus. 

Recommended Books:
Diesendorf W, Insulation Coordination in HighVoltage Electric Power Systems, Butterworths 1974 Gallagher T J and Pearmain A J, High Voltage Measurement, Testing and Design, Wiley 1983 Kuffel E, High Voltage Engineering, 2nd Edition, Newnes 2000 
HS361  Professional and Social Ethics  2+0 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective: To provide students the understanding of ethics in organization


Course Outline: Introduction to professional psychology. Psychological testing. Educational psychology. Industrial/organizational psychology. Social psychology. Health psychology. Clinical psychology . Positive psychology. Legal, ethical, and professional issues.
Motivation and job satisfaction. Group and work. Group and intergroup behaviour. Leadership. Patterns of work. Conflict and consent in work. Organizational culture. The study of social life. Exploring the global village. Sociology as a science. The sociological imagination. The development of sociology. Pioneers of sociology. Nature, scope and subject matter of sociology. Brief historical development of sociology. Society and community. Relationship with other social sciences. Social interaction processes. 

Recommended Books:
· Crow, L., & Crow, A. (2000) Educational Psychology, New Delhi: Eurosia Publishing House Ltd. · Spiegel, P. K., & Koocher, G. P. (1998), Ethics in Psychology, New York: Oxford University Press · Snyder, C. R., & Lopes, S.J. (2000), Handbook of Positive Psychology, New York: Oxford University Press. · Compton, W. C. (2005), Introduction to Positive Psychology, USA, Thomson Wadsworth. · Debra, L. N. & James Compbell Quick, (2000) Organizational Behaviour (3rd Ed), Cincinnat: South Western. · Fred Luthans, Alexander, D. S. & Edwin, A. Locke (2000) (Eds), Handbook of Principles of Organizational Behaviour, London: Blackwell. · Brannon, L. & Reist, J. (2000), Health Psychology: An Introduction to Behaviour and Health (4th Ed.), USA Wadsworth. · Donohue, W. & Ferguson, K. (Eds), (2003), Handbook of Professional Ethics for Psychologists; Issues, Questions and Controversies, London: Sage Publications. · Meyers, D. (2005), Social Psychology, 8th Ed. McGraw Hill Inc. · Cooper, J. & Hogg, M. (2003) Handbook of Social Psychology, Sage Publications 
EE499B  Final Year ProjectII  0+3 
Prerequisite: None  
Objective: To give the Students a chance for enhancing their Technical capabilities by Implementing their theoretical and practical knowledge in the field of Research and Development
